Noticias EVOCOG
Ciclo Ciencia y Arte Imprimir E-mail
La Unidad de Cultura Científica de la Delegación del CSIC en las Illes Balears, nos propone el ciclo "La Ciencia del Arte: Retos de la Neuroestética", del 4 al 25 de noviembre, en CaixaForum Palma.

Este ciclo busca reflexionar y dar respuestas al cómo y el porqué del arte y la belleza desde la perspectiva de la Neurociencia. Para ello contamos con la participación de algunos de los investigadores y divulgadores del Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC) más destacados en el campo de las Neurociencias.

La primera conferencia tendrá lugar el próximo martes, 4 de noviembre, de la mano de Octavio de Juan Ayala, (Conservatorio Profesional de Música de Alicante, miembro del Cuarteto Almus y Director del Proyecto Artyciencia, CSIC), que en su conferencia "PICTOMUSICADELFÍA: MÚSICA, PINTURA Y NEUROESTÉTICA", explorará el mundo perceptual y emocional que nos rodea, a través de las relaciones entre música y pintura. La conferencia se alternará con la audición de piezas musicales de L. van Beetohoven y Javier Schuber, y la ejecución de piezas para viola del director del consagrado Cuarteto Almus.

Le seguirán, los martes siguientes, las charlas de Camilo José Cela Conde (EVOCOG, Universidad de las Islas Baleares), Javier de Felipe (Instituto Cajal, CSIC) y Luis Martínez Otero (Instituto de Neurociencias de Alicante, CSIC-UMH).

 
Explicación científica y sistemas dinámicos en las ciencias cognitivas Imprimir E-mail

attractorEl próximo viernes 31 de octubre de 2014, el Dr. Nicolás Venturelli (Universidad Nacional de Córdoba) dará la charla "Explicación científica y sistemas dinámicos en las ciencias cognitivas". Tendrá lugar en el Seminario de Psicología del Ed. Guillem Cifre de Colonya (Campus UIB)

Resumen:
Con atención al papel creciente de los modelos dinamicistas en las ciencias cognitivas, tomo en consideración el debate en torno del formato de los aparatos explicativos elaborados en este campo. Se ofrecen algunas consideraciones críticas respecto del auge reciente del llamado mecanicismo - la posición filosófica según la cual los modelos elaborados revelan los mecanismos causales que producen o mantienen el fenómeno de interés. Se favorece finalmente una mirada más procesal sobre las prácticas de construcción de modelos, en la medida en que una mirada de este tipo posibilitaría exhibir más rasgos de los mismos así como un espectro más variado de los roles que cumplen, más allá de la búsqueda de mecanismos neuronales.
 
Dos seminarios de interés Imprimir E-mail

El 17 d'octubre de 2014 en el Seminario de Psicologia del edificio Guillem Cifre de Colonya (Campus UIB) tendrán lugar los siguientes seminarios:

10h - "Music in the brain: ERP evidence of plasticity". Impartido por Minna Huotilainen, investigadora del Cognitive Brain Research Unit de la Universidad de Helsinki

12h - "Cognition in the working life: methods for assessment of diferent cognitive skills", impartido por Satu Pakarinen, investigadora del Finnish Institute of Occupational Health.

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Symposium on preference for curvature Imprimir E-mail

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We have the pleasure to announce the Symposium "The Human Aesthetic (and Moral) Nature: The preference for curvature". The symposium, organized by the research Group EVOCOG-IFISC/UIB, will be held the 17th and 18th of December 2014 at the University of the Balearic Islands, Palma de Mallorca (Spain). This symposium was financed by the Economy and Competitiveness Ministry of the Spanish Government (Ref. FFI2010-20759 - "La naturaleza moral y estética humana. Caracterización sistemática de los rasgos derivados humanos de moral y estética (2011-2014)").

The Program (coming soon) will include presentations by the following institutions and authors, among others:

Department of Developmental and Comparative Psychology. Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology.

Enric Munar

Gerardo Gómez

Helmut Leder

Julia F. Christensen

Marco Bertamini

Marcos Nadal

Oshin Vartanian

Paul Silvia

Robert Pepperell

Zaira Cattaneo



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Mejores publicaciones 2013 según SEPEX Imprimir E-mail

 

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La investigación que publicamos en colaboración con investigadoras de la Universidad de Milano-Bicoca, The world can look better: enhancing beauty experience with brain stimulation, ha sido considerada como una de las 3 mejores publicaciones de 2013 por la Sociedad Española de Psicología Experimental (SEPEX).

Enlace al comunicado de la SEPEX.

 
Nuevo artículo sobre confianza Imprimir E-mail

journal.pone.0105559.g002Un nuevo artículo de Cristina Acedo-Carmona y Antoni Gomila ha sido publicado en la revista PLoS ONE.

Acedo-Carmona C, Gomila A (2014) Personal Trust Increases Cooperation beyond General Trust. PLoS ONE 9(8): e105559. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0105559

Abstract:

In this paper we present a new methodology which, while allowing for anonymous interaction, it also makes possible to compare decisions of cooperating or defecting when playing games within a group, according to whether or not players personally trust each other. The design thus goes beyond standard approaches to the role of trust in fostering cooperation, which is restricted to general trust. It also allows considering the role of the topology of the social network involved may play in the level of cooperation found. The results of this work support the idea that personal trust promotes cooperation beyond the level of general trust. We also found that this effect carries over to the whole group, making it more cohesive, but that higher levels of cohesion rely on a particular topology. As a conclusion, we hypothesize that personal trust is a psychological mechanism evolved to make human social life possible in the small groups our ancestors lived in, and that this mechanism persists and plays a role in sustaining cooperation and social cohesion.

 
Neuroestética en el Science Slam Mallorca Imprimir E-mail

science_slamAlbert Flexas estará día 6 de agosto en el Science Slam Festival Mallorca para presentar nuestras investigaciones en neuroestética. La iniciativa Science Slam pretende unir arte y ciencia, acercando así el mundo científico al público general con una divulgación diferente.

El propio Albert nos adelanta algo de su charla en el blog de Mallorca Creativa.

 
Estudio de dilemas morales Imprimir E-mail

moral_toni_julia_albertNuestra Universidad de las Islas Baleares (UIB) se hace eco del estudio publicado en Frontiers in Psychology.

Noticia de la UIB

Christensen,  J. F.; Flexas, A.; Calabrese, M.; Gut, N. K. and Gomila, A. (2014) «Moral judgment reloaded: a moral dilemma validation study». Frontiers in Psychology5:607. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00607

 
Nuevo paper de neuroestética Imprimir E-mail

Nuestro artículo "Cognitive control and unusual decisions about beauty: an fMRI study" ha sido publicado en la revista Frontiers in Human Neuroscience.

Abstract:

Studies of visual esthetic preference have shown that people without art training generally prefer representational paintings to abstract paintings. This, however, is not always the case: preferences can sometimes go against this usual tendency. We aimed to explore this issue, investigating the relationship between “unusual responses” and reaction time in an esthetic appreciation task. Results of a behavioral experiment confirmed the trend for laypeople to consider as beautiful mostly representational stimuli and as not beautiful mostly abstract ones (“usual response”). Furthermore, when participants gave unusual responses, they needed longer time, especially when considering abstract stimuli as beautiful. We interpreted this longer time as greater involvement of cognitive mastering and evaluation processes during the unusual responses. Results of an fMRI experiment indicated that the anterior cingulate (ACC), orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) and insula were the main structures involved in this effect. We discuss the possible role of these areas in an esthetic appreciation task.

Enlace al artículo.

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Psicopatología Forense Imprimir E-mail

libro_ericSe publica el libro Psicopatología Forense, editado por el Dr. Eric García-López, con quien tuvimos el placer de contar como colaborador durante su estancia postdoctoral en el seno de nuestro grupo.

 

 
Conferencia "The art of seeing" Imprimir E-mail

The art of seeing impartida por Robert Pepperell, Profesor de Bellas Artes en Cardiff (Cardiff School of Art & Design, Cardiff Metropolitan University), tendrá lugar el próximo 11 de junio de 2014 a las 11:30h en el aula A15 del Edificio Guillem Cifre de Colonya (Campus UIB)

Resumen proporcionado por el ponente:

 

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In this talk I will present a body of research that combines artistic practice with scientific inquiry. The question of how to accurately depict visual space has fascinated artists, architects, scientists and philosophers for hundreds of years. Many scientists and mathematicians have argued that linear perspective, which is based on well-understood laws of optics and geometry, is the correct way to record visual space. Others, mainly artists, have argued that linear perspective projections fail to account for important features of visual experience, and have proposed various curvilinear, subjective, and hyperbolic forms of perspective instead. As an artist I aim to record the appearance of entire visual field in paintings and drawings. It turns out that what I record looks very different from the way reality is normally represented in photography, cinema, and computer graphics. It also turns out that other artists in history seem to have recorded these ’non-perspectival’ features of visual experience in similar ways.  To test the validity of these observations a colleague and I compared three sets of artistic depictions of real-world scenes to linear perspective versions (photographs) of the same scenes. They include a series of my paintings, a selection of landscape paintings by Paul Cézanne, and a set of drawings made as part of a controlled experiment by people with art training.  When comparing the artworks to linear perspective photographs depicting the same visual space we found consistent differences. In the artworks the part of the scene corresponding to the central visual field was enlarged compared to the photograph and the part corresponding to the peripheral field was compressed. I consider a number of factors that could explain these results and how they might help us understand the aesthetic properties of the artworks concerned.

 


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